Ergenlerde metilfenidat tedavisinin yaşam kalitesi üzerine etkisi
Canan Kuygun Karci, Fevziye Toros, Aysegul Yolga Tahiroglu, Ozge Metin
Makale No: 1   Makale Türü:  Araştırma
Amaç: Dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu (DEHB) çocukluk çağında en sık görülen ruhsal bozukluklardan birisidir. Yaşam kalitesini bozan süreğen bir bozukluk olan DEHB’nin tedavisi ile yaşam kalitesinde iyileşme gözlenmektedir. Bu çalışmada metilfenidat tedavisi ile ergenin yaşam kalitesindeki ve DEHB’ye sıklıkla eşlik eden kaygı ve depresyon belirtilerindeki değişikliklerin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır.

Yöntem: Mersin Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Polikliniğine başvuran hastalardan DEHB tanısı almış 13-18 yaş arası, ilk kez metilfenidat başlanmış ve 3 ay tedavisi devam etmiş olan 50 olgu çalışmaya dahil edildi. Olguların arşiv dosyaları taranarak tedavi öncesinde ve 3 ay sonrasında uygulanan Çocuklar İçin Depresyon Ölçeği (ÇİDÖ), Çocuklar İçin Sürekli Kaygı Ölçeği (ÇİSKÖ), Pediyatrik Yaşam Kalitesi EnvanteriTM (PedYKTM 4.0) ergen ve ebeveyn formları değerlendirildi.

Bulgular: Metilfenidat tedavisi sonucunda fiziksel işlevsellik puanı hariç yaşam kalitesi puanlarında yükselme gözlendi. Ergen ve ebeveyn formu karşılaştırıldığında, ergen formunda yaşam kalitesi puanlarının daha yüksek olduğu saptandı. Tedavi öncesinde ve sonrasında erkek ergenlerin kızlara kıyasla yaşam kalitesini daha olumlu puanladıkları gözlendi. Aynı zamanda, metilfenidat tedavisi ile kaygı belirtilerinde de iyileşme olduğu gözlendi.

Sonuç: DEHB’nin tedavisi ile yaşam kalitesindeki değişiklikleri saptamak, DEHB tedavisinin önemini vurgulamak, tedavi sonuçlarını değerlendirmek ve etkin, çok yönlü tedavi planları oluşturmak açısından önemli bir yer tutmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu, metilfenidat, yaşam kalitesi
Dusunen Adam The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2018;31:11-20
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Bakırköy Prof. Dr. Mazhar Osman Ruh Sağlığı ve Sinir Hastalıkları Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
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